Many foreign nationals who arrive in Hong Kong for employment or business purposes are interested in obtaining permanent residency in Hong Kong. The right of abode, defined as the right to land in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), be free of any conditions of stay inducing limits of stay, the right to not be deported or removed is subject to a set of conditions as well as eligibility criteria.
The Immigration Ordinance defines several categories of individuals allowed to receive the right of abode. In this article, our team of lawyers in Hong Kong answers some of the most commonly asked questions concerning permanent residency in Hong Kong.
Please keep in mind that these questions offer general information and that each case can be different, depending on the applicant’s particular status. We recommend seeking specialized legal aid whenever possible to ensure compliance with the current rules in force.
|Minimum temporary residence before applying for permanent residence||7 years|
The rights of permanent residents in Hong Kong
|The right of abode (permanent residence) allows the status holder to live and work in the HKSAR without restrictions of stay.|
Governing law for the right of abode in Hong Kong
The Immigration Ordinance
|Permanent residence for non-Chinese foreign nationals||For those who have been living in Hong Kong lawfully for 7 years, or those under the age of 21 born in Hong Kong to a parent who is a permanent resident.|
|Permanent residence for Chinese nationals||
For: those born in Hong Kong, born outside Hong Kong but who have lawfully lived in the HKSAR for 7 years, for those born outside of Hong Kong to a parent who was a HKSAR permanent resident.
|Special requirements for permanent residents after the age of 21||
Those who have Hong Kong permanent residency until the age of 21 will need to establish their own permanent residence status.
|Periods outside of Hong Kong||
Foreigners are allowed to leave Hong Kong for temporary purposes and their ordinary residency will not be interrupted.
|Permanent resident status loss||
Foreign nationals (non-Chinese) who have lived in Hong Kong for 7 years but were absent from HKSAR for no less than 36 months after ceasing to reside here ordinarily.
Other situations for the loss of permanent residency can also apply.
|Verification for eligibility||
This is a mandatory step before the applicant can be awarded a permanent identity card for Hong Kong.
|The Certificate of Entitlement||Issued to Mainland China residents who wish to apply for the right of abode in Hong Kong.|
|Mandatory documents for application||
Valid permanent identity card or the Certificate of Entitlement.
|Mandatory presence in Hong Kong||
Yes, the applicant who requests his or her eligibility for a permanent identity card or certificate of entitlement must be present in Hong Kong when making the application.
|Citizenship after permanent residence||
Applications for Chinese citizenship are possible, subject to conditions.
Naturalization as a Chinese national takes place as per the Nationality Law of the People’s Republic of China.
|Dual citizenship permitted||No|
Table of Contents
Who can obtain permanent residency in Hong Kong?
The following six categories of foreign nationals can receive the right of abode in Hong Kong:
- Chinese nationals born in Hong Kong: in this particular case, the applicant can be born before or after the HKSAR was established; place of birth proof is required;
- Chinese nationals who resided: those who ordinarily resided in HKSAR for at least seven years before or after the establishment of the Special Administrative Region;
- Chinese nationals born outside Hong Kong: these persons are eligible when they were born to a parent who, at the time the applicant was born, was a Chinese national included in the two aforementioned categories;
- Foreign nationals who lawfully resided: a foreign national who has entered Hong Kong lawfully and continued to live lawfully for no less than seven years;
- Foreign nationals under 21 years of age: whose are born in Hong Kong to a parent who has obtained permanent residency in Hong Kong;
- Previous residence: individuals in the aforementioned categories who had right of abode before the establishment of HKSAR can obtain permanent residency under a special evaluation from the Director of Immigration and a statement that he/she has the right immediately before the establishment of HKSAR.
How can I apply for Hong Kong permanent residency?
Foreign nationals who have lawfully been living in Hong Kong for more than seven years can apply for permanent residency in Hong Kong upon submitting a special application. Among the mandatory documents that are presented is the valid permanent identity card.
Can a holder lose his or her right to permanent residency?
The permanent resident status can be lost in certain specific cases. The ones that apply for non-Chinese nationals include being absent from Hong Kong for a continuous period of no less that 36 months since the commencement of ordinary residence.
Another situation that leads to the loss of permanent residency in Hong Kong includes the one in which the applicant was under 21 years of age. Upon attaining this age, he or she will need to qualify according to his own particular situation.
We invite you to watch a video on permanent residency in Hong Kong:
How can your team of lawyers help me?
Our team of lawyers in Hong Kong who specialize in immigration matters can help you apply for permanent residency in Hong Kong. We help foreign nationals understand the general conditions for application, the laws concerning the right of abode in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region as well as assist those who are included in the special categories of nationals who can apply (such as former Mainland residents or certain categories of Chinese nationals).
According to the statistics issued by the Government of Hong Kong, the Census and Statistics Department, the population data (provisional) at the end of 2020 was the following:
- 7,474,200 total number of people, a decrease of 0.6% (46,500 individuals) from the end of 2019;
- in 2020, there were 49,900 individuals in the category “other Hong Kong residents” and an inflow of 10,100 one-way permit holders;
- out of the total population, 7,401,000 were usual residents and 73,200 mobile residents.
For statistical purposes, mobile residents are those who have stayed in the Special Administrative Region for at least one month and less than three months during the six months before or after the reference-time point for which the data was submitted. Usual residents are those who have permanent residency in Hong Kong and spend more time in the city, compared to the mobile category (at least three months during the six months before or three months during the six months after the reference date).
Contact us for more information about permanent residence and how our team can help you apply if you have been lawfully living in Hong Kong for the minimum number of years.